Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical studies of the fruits of Ficus religiosa

Ficus religiosa Linn. is a large evergreen tree found throughout India, wild as well as cultivated.It is a highly apparent plant in ayurvedic system of medicine for the treatment of various ailments. No reports are available on the pharmacognostic nature and phytochemical studies of the fruits; hence, the present study was carried out to investigate the same using GC-MS. The compound detection employed the NIST Ver. 2.0 - Year 2008 library. The results of the GC-MS analysis provide different peaks determining the presence of many phytochemical compounds with different therapeutic activities. The major phytoconstituents were n-Hexadecanoic acid; 9, 12-Octadecadienoic acid; 9, 12, 15-Octadecatrienoic acid, and Butyl 9, 12, 15-octadecatrienoate.Hence, this study offers a base of using F. religiosa as herbal alternative for the synthetic agents.

Author(s): Sharma R. K, Goyal A. K, Yadav S. K, Bhat R. A

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