The leaves of Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr. are used in traditional medicine to treat various disorders and also used as vegetable for its nutritive value. Such plant having medicinal and nutritive values lacks pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical information. Hence the present work is intended to study pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical studies, which will serve as quality control parameters. The pharmacognostical parameters like transverse section of midrib, epidermal parameters, leaf constants, organoleptic characters, physicochemical parameters, extractive values and preliminary phytochemical analysis have been made. The study will provide information with respect to identification of plant material.