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Abstract

Computational approach for enzymes present in Capsicum annuum: A review

Capasicum annuum or sweet bell pepper is one of the more economical and agriculturally viable vegetable grown all over the world owing to its antioxidant and other medicinal properties. This review highlights the essential enzymes present and its mode of action using bioinformatics online tools viz. uniprot, swissprot and Brenda enzyme db and ExPAsy protein databases. The enzymes viz. peroxidase, polyphenol oxidase, tyrosinase, catecholase, Pectin esterase, Catalase, 9-lipoxygenase, Lasparaginase, Polygalactouronase, Capsanthin and Ribulose-Phosphate 3-Epimerase contribute to its properties by various molecular mechanisms. Understanding of these mechanisms will be helpful for application of these enzymes in food processing and in the production of food ingredients. The increasing sophistication of processing industries creates a demand for a broad variety of enzymes with characteristics compatible with food processing conditions for e.g. shelf life of fruits and vegetables can be increased by decreasing the levels of peroxidase and polyphenoloxidase


Author(s): Shivendu Ranjan, Nandita Dasgupta, Arkadyuti Roy , hakraborty, Melvin Samuel S, Pradeep Singh Jadon, Ramalinagam Chidambaram

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