Development and validation of RP-HPLC method for the determination of Atomoxetine Hydrochloride in Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms

Gurmeet Chhabra*, Chandraprakash Jain, Saurabh K BanerjeeSVKM’s, NMIMS, School of Pharmacy and Technology Management Shirpur, Dist. Dhule, M.S., India 425405
Corresponding Author: Gurmeet Chhabra E-mail: [email protected]
Received: 22 September 2011 Accepted: 23 October 2011
Citation: Gurmeet Chhabra*, Chandraprakash Jain,Saurabh K Banerjee “Development and validationof RP-HPLC method for the determination ofAtomoxetine Hydrochloride in PharmaceuticalDosage Forms”, Int. J. Drug Dev. & Res., Oct-Dec2011, 3(4): 275-279
Copyright: © 2010 IJDDR, Gurmeet Chhabraet al. This is an open access paper distributed underthe copyright agreement with Serials Publication,which permits unrestricted use, distribution, andreproduction in any medium, provided the originalwork is properly cited.
Related article at Pubmed, Scholar Google


A simple, reliable, specific, accurate and precise reverse phase high performance liquid chromatographic method was developed and validated for the determination of Atomoxetine HCl in pharmaceutical dosage form. Chromatographic separation was carried on RP-C8 column (Phenomenex, size: 250×4.60 mm, particle size 5μm) with a mobile phase composed of acetonitrile and 10 mM disodium hydrogen phosphate buffer with 0.1% TEA (pH 3.0, adjusted with OPA) (55:45, v/v) in isocratic mode at a flow rate of 1mL/min. The detection was monitored at 271nm. The retention time for Atomoxetine was found to be 3.08 min. The method was found to be linear in the range of 50-150μg/mL. The proposed method can be used for the estimation of Atomoxetine HCl in bulk and pharmaceutical dosage forms for routine quality control analysis

Key words

Atomoxetine HCl, RP-HPLC


Atomoxetine (ATX) - (R)-N-methyl-3-phenyl-3-(otolyloxy)- propylamine hydrochloride is a medication used for the treatment of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Atomoxetine in the form of the hydrochloride salt is the only drug from its class, a highly selective non-stimulant norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. It is approved for use in children (F 6 years), adolescents and adults all over.1-4 As in detail the mechanism of action is still unknown, the ex-vivo uptake and neurotransmitter depletion studies establish it to be related to highly specific presynaptic inhibition of norepinephrine transporter.5
Literature survey reveals few chromatographic methods have been reported for quantitative estimation of ATX in pharmaceutical formulations.6, 7 A ion pairing HPLC method was also reported for the separation of Atomoxetine and impurities.8 A stability-indicating RP HPLC method also reported for the determination of Atomoxetine hydrochloride in the presence of its degradation products generated from forced decomposition studies.9
The proposed RP-HPLC method is simple, precise, accurate, sensitive and validated method for the determination of Atomoxetine hydrochloride in bulk and its pharmaceutical dosage forms (tablets/capsules).


Atomoxetine HCl was obtained as a gift samples from Ajanta Pharma Ltd. Mumbai, India. HPLC grade acetonitrile and methanol were purchased from Merck chemicals, Mumbai. AR grade disodium hydrogen phosphate anhydrous, ortho-phosphoric acid was purchased from Qualigen Fine Chemicals, Mumbai and triethlyamine from Spectrochem Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai. Formulation used in the study AXEPTA-25 tablets was purchased from the local market.
A HPLC (Perkin Elmer, USA) consisting of Binary LC Pump 200 (Perkin Elmer, Model: series 200), vacuum degasser, UV?VIS detector (Perkin Elmer, Model: series 200). A sample injector system (Rheodyne) with a 20μl sample loop and Total Chrome Navigator software (version V 6.3.1). Vacuum filtration assembly (Orchid Scientifics, Model: JVP01); Ultrasonicator (Oscar, Model: Microclean 103).

Chromatographic Conditions

HPLC analysis was carried out on C8 (Phenomenex, size: 250×4.60 mm, particle size 5μm) reversed phase column. The mobile phase consisted of a mixture of Acetonitrile and 10 mM disodium hydrogen phosphate buffer with 0.1% TEA v/v at pH 3.0 (pH 3.0, adjusted with OPA) (55:45, v/v). The flow rate of mobile phase was 1 ml/min. The detection was carried out by at 271 nm. All analysis was carried out at a temperature of 25°C under isocratic conditions.

Standard solution preparation

An accurately weighed quantity of Atomoxetine HCl drug 10 mg was transferred into 10 ml volumetric flask and was dissolved in acetonitrile solvent, then the solution was sonicated for about a minute and the volume was made up to the mark with acetonitrile to give a stock solution. From the stock solution 1mL was taken and further diluted to 10mL with acetonitrile to get final standard solution of 100μg/ml.

Sample solution preparation

For the determination of drug content in formulation, 20 tablets were each weighed and pulverised to obtain a fine powder in morter and pestle. An amount equivalent to 25 mg of Atomoxetine HCl was transferred to a 25mL volumetric flask; about 20mL of acetonitrile was added and sonicated for 5 min. Then the volume was made up to mark with acetonitrile and filtered it through whatman filter. From the filtrate 1mL was taken and further diluted to 10mL with acetonitrile to get final sample solution of 100μg/ml.


Method Optimization

To optimize the operating conditions for isocratic reverse phase analysis on C8 column for detection of Atomoxetine, a number of parameters such as the mobile phase composition, pH and sample preparation solvent/diluent were varied. Methanol: buffer and acetonitrile: buffer in various ratios (65:35, 60:40, 55:45 v/v) were taken, trials showed peak distortion or tailing of peak. pH change had little to less effect as the drug is basic (pKa 10.13) in nature. Modification thus were made in the solvent used for sample preparation from buffer, buffer: acetonitrile to acetonitrile showed remarkable changes. Henceforth, in the present method sample preparation with acetonitrile alone and mobile phase of acetonitrile and 10mM disodium hydrogen phosphate buffer with 0.1% TEA v/v at pH 3.0 (pH 3.0, adjusted with OPA) (55:45, v/v) and at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min showed good peak shape with proper elution at retention time of 3.08 min. The chromatographic parameters like peak symmetry, tailing factor and retention time were within limits and method was chosen as optimal conditions. The appropriate wavelength in UV region (271nm) was selected for the measurement of active ingredients in the proposed method.

Method Validation

System suitability parameters

System suitability parameters for repeated six injections include tailing factor, plate number (N) and percentage relative standard deviation (%RSD) for peak area were within the acceptable limits.


From the working standard stock solution (1000 μg/mL), various concentration levels of 50, 70, 100, 120 and 150 μg/mL were prepared and injected on the optimized chromatographic conditions. Linearity curve was constructed by plotting the peak area vs the drug concentration with regression equation, y = 8897.4x + 65293, where ‘x’ is the concentration (μg/mL) and linear regression r2 = 0.9991.

Repeatability (method precision)

Six test samples (100μg/mL) were prepared under the same condition from same lot of formulation. Each sample was injected and analyzed on same day. The percentage relative standard deviation (% RSD) was calculated for the resultant peak area.

Intermediate precision

The analysis was carried on assay conc. (100μg/mL) prepared on different day by different analyst. The assay procedure was repeated six times and the chromatogram was recorded. The percentage relative standard deviation (% RSD) was calculated.


Accuracy was performed at 3 levels spiking of 80, 100 and 120% of standard concentration. The recovery procedure was repeated 3 times and % RSD was calculated. The values of % RSD of assay indicate the method is accurate.


The results obtained by HPLC method for determination of Atomoxetine HCl in selected pharmaceutical formulation was simple, reliable, specific, accurate and precise. Hence, it can be employed for routine quality control analysis.

Tables at a glance

Table icon Table icon
Table 1 Table 2

Figures at a glance

Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3
Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3


Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Viewing options

Recommended Conferences
Post your comment

Share This Article

Flyer image
journal indexing image

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh