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Analytical method development and Validation for the Quantitative estimation of Cefditoren Pivoxil in tablet formulation by RP-HPLC

S.Vidhya1*, B.Lakshmi Narayanan2, P.Malairajan3, R.Joseph Sahayaraja4, E.P.Kumar1, S.Mahibalan1, M.Karpakavalli1, C.Balakumar1
  1. Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
  2. Aditya Bangalore Institute of Pharmacy Education and research, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  3. Rofel Shri G.M. Bilakhia College of Pharmacy, Vapi, Gujarat, India
  4. Dr.Miltons Laboratories, Puducherry, India
Corresponding Author: Miss. S.Vidhya, M.Pharm Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Phone No: 09566629852 Email: vidhyasheerapathi@gmail.com
Received:26 December 2011 Accepted: 18 January 2012
Citation: S. Vidhya*, B. Lakshmi Narayanan, P. Malairajan, R. Joseph Sahayaraja, E. P. Kumar, S. Mahibalan, M. Karpakavalli, C. Balakumar “Analytical method development and Validation for the Quantitative estimation of Cefditoren Pivoxil in tablet formulation by RPHPLC”, Int. J. Drug Dev. & Res., Jan-March 2012, 4(1): 186-192doi: doi number
Copyright: © 2010 IJDDR, S. Vidhya et al. This is an open access paper distributed under the copyright agreement with Serials Publication, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Abstract

A simple and accurate RP-HPLC method has been developed for the estimation of Cefditoren Pivoxil in tablet pharmaceutical dosage form using C18 Nucleosil column 150 x 4.6 mm i.d, 5 μm particle size in isocratic mode with mobile phase comprising of phosphate buffer (pH 3.0), acetonitrile and methanol in the ratio of 50:25:25 v/v. The flow rate was 1.0 ml/min and detection was carried out by UV-PDA detector at 230 nm. The retention time for Cefditoren Pivoxil was found to be 4.2 min. The linearity range, correlation co-efficient and accuracy of Cefditoren Pivoxil was found to be 40 -360 μg/ml, 0.9999 and 99.21% respectively. The developed method was found to be simple, precise and accurate for the estimation of Cefditoren Pivoxil in tablet formulations.

Keywords

Cefditoren Pivoxil, RP-HPLC, tablet pharmaceutical dosage form, method development, validation

INTRODUCTION

Cefditoren is a third-generation semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic for oral administration. Cefditoren Pivoxil is chemically (-) 6R,7R)-2,2-dimethylpropionyloxymethyl7-[(Z)-2- (2-aminothiazol-4-yl)-2-methoxyiminoacetamido]-3- [(Z)-2-(4-methylthiazol-5-yl)ethenyl]-8-oxo-5-thia-1- azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylate1. It is a prodrug which can be hydrolyzed by esterase during absorption to the active drug, cefditoren, and the drug is distributed in the circulating blood as an active cefditoren. Cefditoren Pivoxil is used in the treatment of mild to moderate pharyngitis, tonsillitis, uncomplicated skin, skin structure infections, and acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis [1]. Molecular formula and the molecular weight of Cefditoren Pivoxil are C25H28N6O7S3 and 620.73 respectively.
Literature review reveals that very few analytical methods were evoked for the determination of Cefditoren Pivoxil by RP-HPLC method for the determination of Cephalosporins (Cefditoren Pivoxil and Cefdinir) in pharmaceutical dosage forms[2], UV-Visible Spectrophotometric determination of Cefditoren Pivoxil in pharmaceutical formulations[3], Water vapour adsorption properties of amorphous cefditoren Pivoxil were evaluated by adsorption isotherms and microcalorimetry[4], determination of Cefditoren Pivoxil in bulk by RP-HPLC in presence of its degradation products[5]. The present study was aimed to develop a simple and reliable RP-HPLC for the determination of Cefditoren Pivoxil in their tablet dosage forms.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Chemicals and Reagents
Cefditoren Pivoxil (99.999% purity) was obtained as a gift sample from Dr. Miltons Laboratories, Pondicherry. Methanol, acetonitrile were of HPLC grade obtained from Merck Research Laboratory, Mumbai, India. Sodium dihydrogen ortho phosphate and ortho phosphoric acid was also obtained from Merck Research Laboratory, Mumbai, India. Water (HPLC Grade) obtained from Himedia Pvt. Ltd, India.
Instrumentation
The instrument used was Shimadzu UFLC with the SPD-M20A High Performance Liquid Chromatography with PDA detector which provides advanced level of sensitivity and stability was used.
Chromatographic Conditions
Isocratic elution of mobile phase consisting of phosphate buffer (pH-3), acetonitrile and methanol in the ratio 50:25:25 v/v with the flow rate of 1.0 ml/min was performed on C18 Nucleosil, 5μm; 150x4.6mm i.d, ODS analytical column. The run time was set at 10 minutes. The column was equilibrated for 30 to 40 minutes with mobile phase before injecting the analyte. 20 μl of the analyte was injected and the detection was carried out at 230 nm at 25±10C.
Chromatographic Method
Preparation of Mobile Phase
For the preparation of phosphate buffer (pH 3.0), 3.12 gm of sodium dihydrogen orthophosphate was dissolved in 1000 ml of water and the pH was adjusted to 3.0 with orthophosphoric acid. To this buffer, acetonitrile and methanol were added and mixed to get the ratio of 50:25:25 v/v respectively and were used as the mobile phase. The mobile phase were filtered through 0.45 μ membrane filter and degassed by ultrasonication before use.
Preparation of Standard Stock Solutions
100 mg of Cefditoren Pivoxil working standard was transferred into a 100 ml volumetric flask and dissolved in a mixture of 25 ml of methanol and 25 ml of acetonitrile and the volume was made up to 100 ml with buffer solution. 10 ml of this stock solution was transferred into a 50 ml volumetric flask and the final volume was made up to 50 ml with buffer solution.
Preparation of Test solutions
Twenty tablets were weighed and powdered. A quantity of the powdered tablets equivalent to 100 mg was calculated, weighed and transferred into a 100 ml volumetric flask. A mixture of 25 ml methanol and 25 ml acetonitrile was added to dissolve the drug and the volume was made up to 100 ml with buffer solution and filtered. 10 ml of the above filterate solution was transferred into a 50 ml volumetric flask and the final volume was made up to 50 ml with buffer solution.
Linearity
The linearity of an analytical procedure is its ability (within a given range) to obtain test results which are directly proportional to the concentration (amount) of analyte in the sample [6]. Here the linearity range of Cefditoren Pivoxil was found to be 40 to 360 μg/ml.
Statistical analysis
Statistical analysis and significance was carried out using correlation coefficient, standard deviation and percentage relative standard deviation (% RSD) with the help of Microsoft excel, 2007.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Method Development
The above RP-HPLC procedure was developed for the determination of concentration of Cefditoren Pivoxil in tablet dosage form. The chromatographic conditions were optimized by changing the mobile phase composition and pH and buffers. Different ratios of solvent were used to get optimized mobile phase. Finally a mixture of buffer (pH-3), acetonitrile and methanol in the ratio of 50:25:25 v/v was optimized. A typical chromatogram was obtained by using the above mentioned mobile phase which was illustrated in Fig.1 and the retention time was found to be 4.16 minutes.
Method Validation
After the development of RP-HPLC method, it has been validated in terms of parameters like specificity, precision, accuracy, linearity, range, ruggedness, robustness and stability. For all the parameters, percentage relative standard deviation values were calculated. The proposed RP-HPLC method was validated as per ICH guidelines [7].
Linearity and Range
The linearity was evaluated by analysing different concentrations of the standard solutions of Cefditoren Pivoxil. The Beer’s Lambert’s concentration was found to be 40 to 360 μg/ml. Calibration curve was drawn by plotting average peak area against concentration and regression equation was calculated. The graph was given in Fig. 2.
From the graph, it was noted that an excellent correlation exists between peak area and concentration of drug. Slope and the r2 value of Cefditoren Pivoxil were found to be 3781.44 and 0.9999 respectively. It was observed that the regression value obtained was found to be within the limit.
Precision
Precision is the degree of agreement among individual test results when the procedure is applied repeatedly with multiple samplings of a homogenous sample6. Precision of Cefditoren Pivoxil was evaluated and the percentage relative standard deviation (% RSD) was found to be less than 1% which proves that the method was precise. Results were given in Table 1.
Accuracy
Accuracy was established using nine determinations over three concentration levels which cover the specified range in triplicates. Results were given in Table 2.
Specificity
Specificity is the ability to assess unequivocally the analyte in the presence of components which may be expected to be present. Typically these might include impurities, degradants, matrix, etc7. The retention times of various excipients added to the tablet formulation of Cefditoren Pivoxil does not interfere with the retention time of the active ingredient. Specificity of the Cefditoren Pivoxil was shown in fig 3.
Ruggedness
Ruggedness is defined as the reproducibility of results when the method is performed under actual condition. This includes different analysts, laboratory, columns and instruments, sources of reagents, chemicals, solvents and so on6. Ruggedness of Cefditoren Pivoxil was performed using different system and different columns. The results were given in Table 3 and 4.
Hence, when ruggedness was performed on different system and different column, the relative standard deviation was found to be within the limits that is not more than 2%.
Robustness
Robustness is the measure of its capacity to remain unaffected by small, but deliberate variations in method parameters. This includes parameters such as pH, temperature, flow rate, mobile phase ratio, etc6. Robustness of Cefditoren Pivoxil was determined by changing the flow rate and the value was compared with the actual method parameters. It was observed that there were no marked changes in the chromatograms, which was demonstrated that the developed RP-HPLC method was rugged and robust. Further the method has good system suitability and precision under given set of conditions and also it was noted that robustness of Cefditoren Pivoxil were within the acceptance criteria of % RSD (Not more than 2%). The results were given in Table 5 and 6.
Hence, when the flow rate was varied by +0.2 ml and -0.2 ml, the relative standard deviation was found to be within the limits, that is not more than 2%.
System suitability
System suitability is the test to ensure that the method can generate results of acceptable accuracy and precision. System performance parameters of the developed RP-HPLC method were determined by analyzing standard working solutions. System suitability can be measured by determining the chromatographic parameters such as plate number (N), tailing factor, R and or S, resolution (Rs) and relative standard deviation of peak height or peak area for repetitive injections6. System suitability of Cefditoren Pivoxil is given in Table 7.

CONCLUSION

A convenient and rapid RP-HPLC method has been developed for the estimation of Cefditoren Pivoxil in tablet dosage form. The assay provides a linear response across a wide range of concentrations. Low intra-day % RSD coupled with excellent accuracy values. Hence we conclude that the proposed chromatographic method is simple, rapid, accurate and precise for the estimation of Cefditoren Pivoxil in tablet pharmaceutical dosage forms and can be used for routine quality control of this drug in formulations.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The authors express their gratitude to the Management, Karpagam University, Coimbatore for providing their continuous support throughout the work. The authors are also grateful to the Principal, Karpagam College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore for their continuous encouragement and valuable inputs and cooperation while carrying out this study.

Tables at a glance

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Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4
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Table 5 Table 6 Table 7
 

Figures at a glance

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References








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