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Abstract

Alcohol Consumption and Academic Performance in High School Students

Introduction: The World Health Organization noted that the intake of alcoholic beverages is a public health problem, causing great concern, because the substance is a legal drug and portal, easily accessible for different ages, adolescents and young people are the most susceptible, frequent use generates changes in behavior, social conflicts, traffic accidents, violence, physical or psychological injuries.

Objectives: to determine the link of alcohol consumption and academic performance in high school students

Methods: quantitative, descriptive, correlational, prospective, cross-sectional and cohort, applying the AUDIT Test and the MEDMAR scale to 302 students of a public high school.

Results: The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 15, for Windows was used for the analysis of the information, using frequency, percentages and measures of central tendency: mean median and mode. Test of Kolmogorov Sminorv, Rho Spearman correlation. According with the Kolmogorov and Smirnov test the variables did not show normality, the Spearman test was applied This association between alcohol consumption and academic performance showed CRS: -0.076; <0.01, Family Indicator and Variables Academic Performance showed CRS: 0.367; <0.01 the Personality/ Profile Indicator CRS: 0.700; <0.01.

Conclusion and Discussion: 78.5% are drinkers without problems (women and men), 95.0% have low or poor academic performance, the intake pattern of this percentage presents greater use of the substance (22.2%), 84.1% expressed weaknesses in the Family Indicator, of these, 17.2% are alcohol users, demonstrating that ingesting intoxicating drinks hinders and block the formation of family ties. The results are opposed to different investigations relating only, the sociodemographic datas, approving the hypothesis: family, infrastructure and dynamics of the institution have a relating with the low academic performance, being these modulators of diverse contexts in which the high school student performs.


Author(s):

Salazar MJ, Castellanos CE, Enríquez HCB, González, AP, Carral HB, Cabrera, MM1, López PJR, García EA



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